State Attorneys General File Briefs with Supreme Court on CFPB Structure Case

lawyers going over contractThe Supreme Court has not yet issued a decision on hearing the 5th Circuit case, which Republican state attorneys general say should be affirmed, while Democrats say it should be reviewed and reversed.

12/20/2022 2:50 P.M.

3.5 minute read

Republican and Democrat state attorneys general have filed briefs to the U.S. Supreme Court with their input on a 5th Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision declaring the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s funding structure unconstitutional.

In October, the 5th Circuit found the CFPB’s funding structure is unconstitutional, and weeks later the bureau filed a petition with the Supreme Court to review the case.

Now state attorneys general have weighed in.

Republicans, led by West Virginia Attorney General Patrick Morrisey, are asking the Supreme Court to take the case and affirm the 5th Circuit’s ruling in a brief (PDF).

According to a report from, Morrissey and other Republican state attorneys general also recently sent a letter to CFPB asking the agency to heed the ruling from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit and “cease using unconstitutionally appropriated funds. We are now asking the Supreme Court to grant this petition to confirm everywhere—not just in the Fifth Circuit—that the CFPB cannot act as a rogue agency.”

Meanwhile, Democrat state attorneys general filed a brief supporting the CFPB’s request for the Supreme Court to review the case, according to a news release from the California Attorney General’s Office.

“In the brief, (PDF), the attorneys general urge the Supreme Court to grant the CFPB’s petition for a writ of certiorari and review the decision by the 5th Circuit finding that CFPB’s funding scheme violates the Apportionment Clause,” according to the news release. “The attorneys general argue that the CFPB’s funding is lawful, and that, more importantly, even if the Supreme Court were to find a defect in the funding scheme, vacating otherwise lawfully-promulgated regulations is an improper remedy.”

According to the SCOTUS blog, the Supreme Court justices must reply to the petition by Jan. 13. The CFPB has asked the Supreme Court to hear the case in its current term, early next year, and issue a ruling by June 2023.

Congressional Considerations

In Congress, Senate Committee on Banking Housing and Urban Affairs Ranking Member U.S. Sen. Pat Toomey, R-Pa., who is retiring at the end of this congressional session, introduced legislation to subject the bureau to congressional appropriations and replace the single director leadership with a bipartisan five-member commission, ACA International previously reported. U.S. Sen. Bill Hagerty, R-Tenn., is cosponsoring the legislation.

“I acknowledge there are other financial regulators not on appropriations—and we can disagree about whether they should be. But, it’s indisputable that Congress has precisely zero leverage over the CFPB,” Toomey said in his opening remarks (PDF) at a hearing with CFPB Director Rohit Chopra last week. “It’s hard for me to imagine our [f]ounders intended an agency to have the power of the legislative branch, and precisely zero accountability to the legislative branch.”

When asked by Toomey if Congress should change the leadership structure of the bureau, Chopra—while stressing it is Congress’ decision—said there are pros and cons to a single director and a multi-member commission, having served for agencies with both structures.

“I think there is more accountability with a single director,” Chopra said. “With a commission, you can point fingers at others when something doesn’t get done.”

The bureau’s changes to unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices and the recent proposed rule to publicly identify companies facing enforcement actions, are, according to Toomey, a “name and shame tactic,” and “symptoms of an agency that’s out of control and knows Congress can’t use the power of the purse to rein in its overreach.”

He said that’s why he proposed the legislation for changes to the bureau’s leadership and funding structure.

Committee Chair U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown, D-Ohio, however, said in a press release on the committee’s outlook on the proposed legislation, which has been introduced previously in the Senate as well as in various versions in the U.S. House of Representatives, would weaken the CFPB.

If you have executive leadership updates or other member news to share with ACA, contact our communications department at [email protected]. View our publications page for more information and our news submission guidelines here.

Join the Conversation on The Hub

Subscribe to Our Publications

Advertising Media Kit

ACA Events Calendar

Facebook LinkedIn Twitter YouTube Instagram


Training Zone



This site uses cookies. By continuing to use our site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Review our Privacy Policy for more information. You may change your preferences on how cookies are stored by reviewing the settings on your browser.

The content on this site is presented for educational, general reference, and informational purposes only; is not intended to serve as legal or other advice; is not intended to be a full and exhaustive explanation of the law in any area; and should not replace the advice of your own legal counsel. By continuing to use our site, you are agreeing to the legal disclaimers in our Terms of Use. Review our Terms of Use for more information.

Friendly Reminder

Get continued access to ACA International’s wide array of resources, which can help you become more profitable, compliant and successful.

Renew your membership today to take advantage of tools you won’t find anywhere else:

  • Discounts on seminars, products, services and events
  • Resources to strengthen your compliance department
  • Industry-specific risk management products and services
  • Participation in ACA’s online community, The Hub
    Members-only website content
  • Professional development and training opportunities, and so much more!

If you have completed your renewal, please disregard this reminder.